Council of trent

   The Council of Trent is so called because it opened in the city of Trent (in Italian, Trento) in Northern Italy, convoked by Pope Paul III to respond to the advance of the Protestant Reformation and to enact reforms that would eliminate abuses related to Church administration. This marked the beginning of the Counter-Reformation. In responding to the accusations and criticisms of the Protestants, the council succeeded in codifying Catholic dogma, in reaffirming the validity of priesthood and the sacraments, and in reasserting clerical celibacy, the virtues of sainthood, the role of the Virgin in the story of salvation, and the efficacy of indulgences and relics. The council's last session is of particular interest to art historians because it was then that enactments were made regarding the depiction of religious subjects. It was decreed that the purpose of art was to instruct the faithful on the subject of redemption, on the intercessory role of the saints and the Virgin, and on the veneration of relics. Religious images were to remind individuals of the gifts bestowed upon them by Christ and God's miracles enacted through the saints, to inspire them to fashion their own life in imitation of these divine figures, and to foster piety.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Council of Trent — noun a council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers; redefined the Roman Catholic doctrine and abolished… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of Trent —    The 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (Trent, northern Italy, 13 December 1545–4 December 1563). Decrees specific to liturgical music were issued from sessions 22–24 (September 1562–November 1563) and provided that… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Council of Trent — noun the council of the Roman Catholic Church which met at Trent intermittently from 1545 to 1563, condemning the Reformation and defining church doctrines …   Australian English dictionary

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  • Trent — • Diocese; suffragan of Salzburg Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Trent     Trent     † Cath …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Trent — is the name of severalPlaces:* Trento in Italy, famous for the Roman Catholic Council of Trent * Trent, Texas, USA * Trent, South Dakota, USA * Trent, Dorset, UK * Trent, Germany, a municipality on the island of Rügen, GermanyRivers:* River Trent …   Wikipedia

  • Council of Vienne — Date 1311 1312 Accepted by Roman Catholicism Previous council Second Council of Lyons Next council Council of Constance Convoked by Pope …   Wikipedia

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